The Matcha’s origin goes back to ancient times in China. According to the best of Tea book “Sa-kyou(茶経),” that was edited during the Tou period(唐代) in China, the habit to a drink tea was started by a legend god named “Shin-nou(神農)” since 3400 B.C. Shin-nou walked around the forest to find fruit tree and wild plants of medicine for human being. The god used tea leaves to detox from poison. This is also stated in other documents called “Kou-ga(広雅).”
There are many effects of tea leaves is including calming tensions and cooling fever. It is medicine for curing the body.
It all started with “Dancha(団茶)” in China.
The Dancha is written in documents from eight centuries ago in China.
The Dancha is drink that made by boiling fermented material in a tea kettle.
This is the process for making Dancha.
Grind tea powder from tea leaves
Steam the tea powder
Making Dango dumplings by punch and mortar
Matcha is made by using this Dancha since the 10th century.
These are historical roots for Matcha.
Matcha is made from the powders Dancha and then the powder is brewed.
Matcha and Japan
Tea was brought Envoir (遣唐使) in Japan.
The highest priests “Saichou（最澄）”, and “ Ku-u-kai（空海）” bought back tea seeds from China to Japan .
They plant the tea seeds at “hieizan（比叡山）” in Kyoto.
Tea is planted in Kyoto “Uji(宇治)”
Master of Zen priest “Ei-sai(栄西)” came back from “Sou(宋)”. He learned about making tea from China and taught the Japanese. He spread the habit of drinking tea.
Master of Zen priest Ei-sai wrote a science book “Kissa-youjyou-ki (喫茶養生記).” It is about Matcha(tea)’s benefit for the body
-About early 14 century-
The habit of drinking tea became popular among the royals and samurais.
“Tea” means Matcha at that time.
– 16 century-
A traditional ceremony called Sadou （茶道）culture was spread by “Sen-no-Rikyu-u(千利休)“,
“Mura-ta jyu-ko-u（村田珠光）”,“Takeno jyu-ou（竹野 紹鴎）” during the “Azuchi-Momoyama
-About 2015 year-
Matcha became popular to the world
Uji and Shizuoka are two locations in Japan that are popular for tea production.
The warm climate, humidity and south-facing slope spreading in hill areas are suitable to grow tea.
These are the reasons why the images of Matcha is connected with Kyoto.
However, Matcha’s true origin is from China.